A Brief History of Early Water Features

As initially conceived, fountains were crafted to be functional, directing water from creeks or reservoirs to the citizens of cities and settlements, where the water could be used for cooking food, washing, and drinking. In the years before electric power, the spray of fountains was powered by gravity only, often using an aqueduct or water resource located far away in the nearby hills. The splendor and wonder of fountains make them perfect for traditional monuments. The common fountains of modern times bear little likeness to the first water fountains. c_077__27676.jpg Simple stone basins sculpted from nearby stone were the original fountains, used for spiritual purposes and drinking water. 2,000 BC is when the oldest known stone fountain basins were originally used. The earliest civilizations that utilized fountains relied on gravity to drive water through spigots. These historic fountains were designed to be functional, frequently situated along reservoirs, creeks and waterways to provide drinking water. The Romans began creating decorative fountains in 6 BC, most of which were metallic or natural stone masks of animals and mythological representations. Water for the communal fountains of Rome was brought to the city via a elaborate system of water aqueducts.

The Various Choices of Materials for Your Garden Feature

Although they come in various materials, modern garden fountains tend to be made of metal. Those made from metals have clean lines and attractive sculptural elements, and are versatile enough to fit any budget and decor. It is essential that your landscape design reflects the style of your residence.

Today, a lot of people favor copper for their sculptural garden fountains. Copper is popular for both inside and outside use and is frequently found in tabletop and cascade fountains, among others. Another benefit of copper fountains is they are flexible and come in a wide variety of styles.

Brass water fountains are also popular, although they tend to have a more conventional look than copper ones. You will see a lot of brass fountains, as their interesting artwork makes them popular even if they are on the more traditional side.

Probably the most modern of all metals is stainless steel. Adding a modern-looking steel design will immediately add value to your garden and elevate the overall ambiance. As with any type of fountain, they are available in many sizes.

Fiberglass is a common material for fountains because you can get the look and feel of metal at a much lower price, and it is lighter and easier to move than metal. Caring for a fiberglass water fountain is fairly easy, another benefit that consumers love.

Public Drinking Fountains in Berkley, Ca

The first US city to pass a tax on high calorie drinks was Berkley, California in February 2014. The tax is believed to minimize sugary drink intake and improve the consumption of healthier beverages, like water from fountains.

Research was performed to find out the reputation of local drinking water fountains and whether individuals from different racial or economic backgrounds had less access to them. Using content collected by a mobile GPS app, experts were able to identify the state of existing water fountains in Berkley. The US Census Community Study database was employed to amass information related to race and economic status in these areas. The 2 data sets were reviewed to determine what class disparities, if any, there were in access to running water fountains. The surrounding demographics of every single water fountain location was made note of, while additionally determining whether race or income rates made a difference in the state of repair of each individual fountain. Some of the water fountains were dirty or clogged, despite the fact that the majority of fountains worked.

Where did Water Fountains Come From?

A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to provide drinking water, as well as for decorative purposes.

Pure practicality was the original purpose of fountains. People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, from aqueducts or springs in the vicinity. Up until the 19th century, fountains had to be more elevated and closer to a water source, such as aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to benefit from gravity which fed the fountains. Acting as an element of decoration and celebration, fountains also generated clean, fresh drinking water. Roman fountains often depicted images of animals or heroes made of metal or stone masks. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden planners incorporated fountains to create mini variations of the gardens of paradise. Fountains played a considerable role in the Gardens of Versailles, all part of French King Louis XIV’s desire to exert his power over nature. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were extolled with baroque style fountains built to mark the arrival points of Roman aqueducts.

Urban fountains built at the end of the 19th century served only as decorative and celebratory adornments since indoor plumbing provided the necessary drinking water.

Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity allowed fountains to provide recycled water into living spaces as well as create special water effects.

Decorating city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the purposes of modern-day fountains.

Hydro-Statics 101

Liquid in a state of equilibrium applies pressure on the objects it contacts, including its container. There are 2 forms, hydrostatic load or external forces. When pushing against a level wall, the fluid applies equal force at various points on the wall. An object that’s extensively submerged in a fluid that’s in equilibrium experiences vertical force on all points of its body. This applied force is known as buoyancy, while the principle itself is known as Archimedes’ principle. When hydrostatic force is exerted on an area of liquid, this becomes hydrostatic pressure. Examples of these containers can be realized in the way a city disperses water, along with its fountains and artesian wells.

A Concise History of Early Fountains
As originally developed, water fountains were crafted to be functional, guiding water from streams or aqueducts to the residents of cities and settlements, where the water could be used for cooking, washing, and drinking. The force of gravity was the power supply of water fountains up until the end of the 19th century, using the potent power of water traveling down hill from a... read more

The Earliest Documented Water Garden Fountains of Human History
The water from rivers and other sources was initially supplied to the occupants of nearby towns and municipalities by way of water fountains, whose design was primarily practical, not aesthetic. In the days before electrical power, the spray of fountains was driven by gravity only, often using an aqueduct or water resource located... read more

A Short History of Early Outdoor Water Fountains
Water fountains were at first practical in purpose, used to bring water from canals or creeks to towns and hamlets, providing the residents with clean water to drink, bathe, and prepare food with. To produce water flow through a fountain until the later part of the 1800’s, and create a jet of water, demanded gravity and a water source such as a spring or lake, positioned higher than the fountain. ... read more