A Brief History of the Early Outdoor Fountains

Towns and villages relied on working water fountains to conduct water for cooking, washing, and cleaning up from nearby sources like ponds, channels, or springs. A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was needed to pressurize the flow and send water squirting from the fountain's nozzle, a system without equal until the late 19th century. Typically used as monuments and commemorative edifices, water fountains have impressed people from all over the planet all through the centuries. The common fountains of today bear little resemblance to the very first water fountains. ft_76__79139.jpg A natural stone basin, carved from rock, was the 1st fountain, utilized for holding water for drinking and religious purposes. 2000 BC is when the earliest known stone fountain basins were originally used. Early fountains put to use in ancient civilizations relied on gravity to manipulate the circulation of water through the fountain. Located near aqueducts or springs, the practical public water fountains provided the local residents with fresh drinking water. Fountains with ornamental Gods, mythological monsters, and animals began to appear in Rome in about 6 BC, built from rock and bronze. Water for the open fountains of Rome was brought to the city via a complex system of water aqueducts.

Garden Fountains and The Variety of Materials They Come In

Garden fountains these days are mostly made from metal, although you can find them in other materials too. Metals tend to yield clean lines and unique sculptural accents and can fit almost any style or budget. The interior design of your residence should determine the look and feel of your yard and garden as well.

One of the most common metals for sculptural garden fountains these days is copper. Copper is popular for both inside and outside use and is widely found in tabletop and cascade fountains, among others. Another advantage of copper fountains is they are flexible and come in a wide variety of styles.

If your style is more traditional, a brass water fountain might be perfect for you. Brass fountains are often designed with interesting artwork, so they are popular even if they are a bit conventional.

Of all the metals, stainless steel is recognized as the most contemporary-looking. A cutting-edge steel design will quickly raise the value of your garden as well as the feeling of serenity. Just like other water features, they come in a variety of sizes.

Fiberglass fountains are well liked because they look similar to metal but are more affordable and much less difficult to move around. Keeping a fiberglass water fountain clean and working correctly is quite effortless, another aspect consumers like.

Hydro-statics for Dummies

All liquids in a state of equilibrium exert force on the materials it comes in contact with. There are two forms, hydrostatic load or external forces. The liquid applies the exact amount of force to the various spots that it comes in contact with, provided that the surface is level. All points on an object’s surface are affected by vertical pressure when the object is completely submerged in a liquid that’s in a state of equilibrium. We refer to this concept as Archimedes’ principle, which deals with the forces of buoyancy. Hydrostatic pressure is formed by hydrostatic force, when the force exerts itself on a point of liquid. A city’s water supply system, fountains, and artesian wells are all good examples of the application of these concepts on containers.

Water Fountain Designers Through History

Often serving as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, fountain designers were multi-talented people, Throughout the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci exemplified the creator as an innovative genius, inventor and scientific specialist. He methodically registered his observations in his now celebrated notebooks about his studies into the forces of nature and the attributes and movement of water. Combining inventiveness with hydraulic and landscaping talent, early Italian water fountain creators transformed private villa settings into innovative water exhibits complete with symbolic meaning and natural charm. The humanist Pirro Ligorio, distinguished for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, offered the vision behind the splendors in Tivoli. Masterminding the phenomenal water marbles, water features and water jokes for the various estates near Florence, other fountain engineers were well versed in humanistic topics and classical scientific texts.

The Minoan Civilization: Fountains and Water

Archaeological digs in Minoan Crete in Greece have uncovered varied types of channels. These supplied water and eliminated it, including water from waste and storms.

They were for the most part created from terracotta or rock. When clay was used, it was usually for channels as well as water pipes which came in rectangular or circular patterns. Amidst these were terracotta piping that were U shaped or a shorter, cone-like form which have only appeared in Minoan civilization. The water availability at Knossos Palace was handled with a system of clay piping that was placed underneath the floor, at depths going from a couple of centimeters to several meters. The clay water lines were additionally used for amassing and saving water. To make this possible, the pipelines had to be designed to handle: Underground Water Transportation: the obscure setup for water distribution could have been made use of to supply water to particular individuals or occasions. Quality Water Transportation: The pipelines may furthermore have been made use of to haul water to water fountains that were split from the city’s general technique.

The First Public Garden Fountains of the Historical Past
As initially conceived, fountains were designed to be practical, guiding water from streams or reservoirs to the inhabitants of cities and settlements, where the water could be used for cooking, cleaning, and drinking. A supply of water higher in elevation than the fountain was needed to pressurize the flow and send water squirting from the... read more

The Roman Capital, Bernini, And Public Fountains
There are many renowned Roman water fountains in its city center. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the greatest sculptors and artists of the 17th century developed, conceived and built virtually all of them. He was also a urban architect, in addition to his skills as a fountain engineer, and traces of his life's work are apparent throughout... read more

Garden Wall Features: A Great Alternative
Stone and metal are most prevalent elements used to construct garden wall fountains even though they can be made of other materials as well. Knowing the style you wish for indicates the best material to use. It is important to buy hand-crafted, lightweight garden wall features which are also simple... read more

The Broad Range of Wall Fountains
It is possible to integrate a wall-mounted water feature onto an already existing wall or built into a new wall. Integrating this kind of water feature into your landscape brings a cohesiveness to the look you want to achieve rather than making it seem as if the fountain was merely added later. read more

The Original Public Water Fountains of Human History
As originally conceived, water fountains were crafted to be practical, guiding water from creeks or reservoirs to the residents of towns and settlements, where the water could be used for cooking food, cleaning, and drinking. To generate water flow through a fountain until the late 1800’s, and produce a jet of water, required gravity and a water source such... read more

Find Tranquility with Garden Features
Water adds peace to your garden environment. The loud noises in your community can be masked by the delicate sounds of a fountain. Consider this the spot where can you go to have fun and become one with nature. Bodies of water such as seas, oceans and rivers are commonly used in water therapies, as... read more