A Concise History of the Early Outdoor Public Fountains

The water from springs and other sources was initially supplied to the inhabitants of nearby towns and municipalities through water fountains, whose design was mainly practical, not artistic. To make water flow through a fountain until the later part of the 1800’s, and produce a jet of water, demanded gravity and a water source such as a spring or reservoir, located higher than the fountain. Inspirational and impressive, big water fountains have been constructed as memorials in many civilizations. pd-172__47389.jpg Simple in style, the very first water fountains didn't appear much like contemporary fountains. Crafted for drinking water and ceremonial functions, the first fountains were very simple carved stone basins. The oldest stone basins are thought to be from about 2000 B.C.. Early fountains used in ancient civilizations relied on gravity to control the circulation of water through the fountain. These historic water fountains were created to be functional, frequently situated along reservoirs, streams and waterways to provide drinking water. Fountains with decorative Gods, mythological monsters, and creatures began to appear in Rome in about 6 B.C., made from stone and bronze. A well-designed system of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public fountains supplied with fresh water.

Public Drinking Fountains in Berkley, California

The first implementation of a soda tax in the USA came in February 2014, when it was passed by the city of Berkley, California. The objective is to get men and women drinking more water and other natural drinks by increasing the price tag of soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks. Research was carried out to ensure that residents of all races and economic classes had access to thoroughly clean, operating drinking fountains. Through information gathered by a mobile GPS app, professionals were able to determine the condition of existing water fountains in Berkley. The US Census Community Study database was utilized to amass information related to race and economic status in these locations. The experts sought to use both data sets to figure out if demographics were associated to drinking water fountain access.

The surrounding demographics of every single water fountain location was made note of, while additionally identifying whether race or income rates made a difference in the state of repair of each individual fountain. Some of the water fountains were filthy or blocked, in spite of the fact that the majority of fountains worked.

Early Water Delivery Solutions in Rome

With the building of the first elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, people who lived on the city’s foothills no longer had to rely only on naturally-occurring spring water for their requirements. When aqueducts or springs weren’t accessible, people dwelling at greater elevations turned to water pulled from underground or rainwater, which was made available by wells and cisterns. Starting in the sixteenth century, a newer system was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean sectors to provide water to Pincian Hill. Spanning the length of the aqueduct’s route were pozzi, or manholes, that gave entry. The manholes made it less demanding to thoroughly clean the channel, but it was also achievable to use buckets to extract water from the aqueduct, as we witnessed with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he owned the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he passed away. Apparently, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t sufficient to fulfill his needs. Fortunately, the aqueduct sat directly below his residence, and he had a shaft opened to give him access.

The Father Of Roman Water Feature Design And Style

In Rome’s city center, there are many easily recognized water features. One of the most distinguished sculptors and artists of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini designed, conceptualized and built almost all of them. His expertise as a fountain designer and also as a city designer, are obvious throughout the streets of Rome. To totally exhibit their art, primarily in the form of public water fountains and water fountains, Bernini's father, a distinguished Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they eventually relocated in Rome. The young Bernini was an exceptional employee and won encouragement and backing of important painters as well as popes. His sculpture was originally his claim to popularity. He used his ability and melded it seamlessly with Roman marble, most notably in the Vatican. Though he was influenced by many, Michelangelo had the most serious impact on him, both personally and professionally.

Ancient Fountain Artists

Often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the late 18th century, fountain designers were multi-faceted people, Throughout the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci exemplified the artist as a inspired intellect, creator and scientific specialist. With his astounding curiosity regarding the forces of nature, he examined the qualities and movement of water and carefully annotated his observations in his now recognized notebooks. Combining creativity with hydraulic and landscaping abilities, early Italian fountain engineers changed private villa settings into brilliant water exhibits full with emblematic implications and natural wonder. The splendors in Tivoli were created by the humanist Pirro Ligorio, who was renowned for his capabilities in archeology, architecture and garden design. For the various properties near Florence, other fountain builders were well versed in humanistic subjects as well as ancient scientific texts, masterminding the incredible water marbles, water features and water humor.

The Father Of Roman Water Feature Design
There are any number of famed Roman fountains in its city center. One of the most distinguished sculptors and artists of the 17th century, virtually all of them were designed, conceptualized and built by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. His expertise as a water feature creator and also as a city designer, are observable throughout the roads of Rome. ... read more

The Original Fountains of Human History
As initially developed, fountains were designed to be practical, directing water from creeks or reservoirs to the citizens of towns and settlements, where the water could be utilized for cooking, cleaning, and drinking. A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was required to... read more

Water Fountains Recorded by History
Water fountains were initially practical in purpose, used to deliver water from rivers or creeks to towns and hamlets, supplying the inhabitants with fresh water to drink, bathe, and cook with. In the days before electricity, the spray of fountains was powered by gravity alone, usually using an aqueduct or water supply located far away in the... read more

The First Outdoor Fountains
Water fountains were initially practical in function, used to deliver water from canals or springs to cities and villages, providing the residents with clean water to drink, bathe, and prepare food with. A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was required to pressurize the flow and send water squirting from the... read more

Early Water Delivery Solutions in Rome, Italy
Rome’s very first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; before that, residents living at higher elevations had to depend on natural springs for their water. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the sole technologies obtainable at the time to... read more