An Uncomplicated Guide to Hydrostatics

Liquid in a state of equilibrium applies pressure on the objects it contacts, including its container. The force applied falls into one of two categories: external force or hydrostatic energy. The force applied by the liquid against a level wall is even at every single point where it makes contact with the wall. Liquid in equilibrium will employ vertical pressure at every point of an object’s exterior when that object is fully immersed in the liquid. These vertical forces are buoyancy, and the concept itself is more fully defined by Archimedes’principle. ppd-635__20922.jpg Hydrostatic pressure is made by hydrostatic force, when the force exerts itself on a point of liquid. These concepts are applied to the containers used by plumbing, wells, and fountains.

Keeping Your Garden Fountain Pristine

Water fountains will keep working a long time with routine cleaning and maintenance. It is easy for foreign items to find their way into outdoor fountains, so keeping it clean is vital. On top of that, algae can be a problem, because sun hitting the water permits it to form quickly. To avoid this, take vinegar, hydrogen peroxide, or sea salt and add straight into the water. Another option is to mix bleach into the water, but this action can sicken wild animals and so should really be avoided.

No more than three-four months should really go by without an extensive cleaning of a fountain. Before cleaning, all of the water must be removed. When it is empty, wash inside the reservoir with a mild cleanser. If there are any tiny grooves, work with a toothbrush to reach every spot. Be sure to carefully rinse the interior of the fountain to make sure all the soap is gone.

Make sure you get rid of any calcium or plankton by taking the pump apart and cleaning the inside thoroughly. To make it less difficult, soak it in vinegar for a while before cleaning. Build-up can be a big hassle, so use mineral or rain water over tap water, when possible, to reduce this dilemma.

One final trick for keeping your fountain in top working order is to check the water level every day and make sure it is full. Allowing the water to reach below the pump’s intake level, can cause severe damage and even make the pump burn out - an undesired outcome!

Garden Features: An Ideal Place to Find Tranquility

Your mood is favorably influenced by having water in your yard. The trickling sounds coming from your fountain be helpful in masking any bothersome sounds in your neighborhood. This is a place where you can relax and experience nature. Considered a great rehabilitation element, many water treatments use big bodies of water such as seas, oceans and rivers in their treatments. So if you want a little piece of heaven nearby, a pond or fountain in your own garden is the answer.

Archaic Greek Art: Characteristics of Statuary

Up until the Archaic Greeks provided the first freestanding statuary, a noteworthy success, carvings had mainly been done in walls and pillars as reliefs. Most of these freestanding sculptures were what is known as kouros figures, statues of young, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks.

The kouroi, regarded by the Greeks to exemplify beauty, had one foot stretched out of a rigid forward-facing pose and the male figurines were regularly unclothed, with a powerful, strong shape. Life-sized versions of the kouroi appeared beginning in 650 BC. Throughout the Archaic period, a great time of change, the Greeks were developing new sorts of government, expressions of art, and a deeper comprehension of people and cultures outside Greece. Comparable to many other times of historical unrest, conflicts were commonplace, and there were struggles between city-states like The Arcadian wars, the Spartan invasion of Samos.

Water Fountain Designers Through History

Often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the late 18th century, fountain designers were multi-talented people, During the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci exemplified the artist as an creative master, inventor and scientific expert. The forces of nature inspired him to investigate the properties and movement of water, and due to his fascination, he carefully recorded his findings in his now famed notebooks. Innovative water exhibits complete with symbolic meaning and natural charm changed private villa settings when early Italian water fountain designers fused creativity with hydraulic and landscaping skill. The magnificence in Tivoli were created by the humanist Pirro Ligorio, who was renowned for his capabilities in archeology, architecture and garden design. Other water fountain designers, masterminding the extraordinary water marbles, water functions and water humor for the various mansions near Florence, were well-versed in humanistic subjects and traditional scientific readings.

The First Public Garden Fountains of History
The water from springs and other sources was initially delivered to the occupants of nearby communities and municipalities through water fountains, whose purpose was mainly practical, not artistic. In the years before electric power, the spray of fountains was powered by gravity only, commonly using an aqueduct or water resource located far away... read more

The Maintenance of Your Garden Water Feature
And finally, make sure the water level is consistently full in order to keep your fountain working optimally. Allowing the water to drop below the pump’s intake level, can cause severe damage and even make the pump burn out - an undesired outcome! read more

Public Water Features Found in Historical Documents
The water from rivers and other sources was originally supplied to the occupants of nearby communities and cities by way of water fountains, whose purpose was mainly practical, not aesthetic. To make water flow through a fountain until the end of the 1800’s, and create a jet of water, required gravity and a water source such as a spring or reservoir, situated higher than... read more