Early Water Delivery Solutions in Rome, Italy

pd-197__50853.jpg Rome’s very first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; before that, residents living at higher elevations had to depend on natural springs for their water. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the sole technologies obtainable at the time to supply water to segments of higher elevation. In the early sixteenth century, the city began to use the water that flowed below ground through Acqua Vergine to provide water to Pincian Hill. Throughout the time of its initial building and construction, pozzi (or manholes) were added at set intervals alongside the aqueduct’s channel. During the roughly nine years he owned the residential property, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi made use of these manholes to take water from the network in buckets, though they were actually designed for the intent of cleaning and servicing the aqueduct. Whilst the cardinal also had a cistern to collect rainwater, it couldn't produce sufficient water. Via an orifice to the aqueduct that flowed under his property, he was in a position to suit his water needs.

Small Garden Spaces: Perfect Places to Install a Water Fountain

Since water makes a reflection, small spaces will appear bigger. Increasing the reflective attributes of a fountain or water feature are possible by using dark materials. If your purpose is to highlight your new feature at night, underwater lights in various colors and shapes will do the trick.

Solar powered eco-lights are great during the day and underwater lights are perfect for nighttime use. Alleviating stress and anxiety with their calming sounds are some of the applications in nature medicine.

Your backyard vegetation is a fantastic place to incorporate in your water feature. Your pond, artificial river, or fountain is the perfect feature to draw people’s attention. Small verandas or major gardens is the perfect place to put in a water feature. The right accessories and the best location for it are worthwhile if you want to enhance the atmosphere.

Water Fountain Designers Through History

Water fountain designers were multi-talented people from the 16th to the late 18th century, often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one person. Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was notable as an ingenious master, inventor and scientific master. He systematically documented his observations in his now celebrated notebooks, after his tremendous interest in the forces of nature led him to explore the attributes and mobility of water. Innovative water displays packed of symbolic meaning and all-natural wonder transformed private villa settings when early Italian fountain creators fused imagination with hydraulic and landscaping expertise. The humanist Pirro Ligorio supplied the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli and was renowned for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design. Masterminding the excellent water marbles, water attributes and water pranks for the assorted estates in the vicinity of Florence, other fountain creators were well versed in humanistic topics as well as classical scientific texts.

The Fundamentals of Hydrostatics

Liquid in a state of equilibrium exerts force on the objects it contacts, including its container. There are 2 forms, hydrostatic load or outside forces.

When pushing against a level wall, the fluid applies equal force at assorted points on the wall. Liquid in equilibrium will apply vertical pressure at every point of an object’s exterior when that object is fully submerged in the liquid. These vertical forces are buoyancy, and the concept on its own is more fully explained by Archimedes’principle. Hydrostatic pressure is made by hydrostatic force, when the force exerts itself on a point of liquid. A city’s water supply system, fountains, and artesian wells are all illustrations of the application of these principles on containers.

Archaic Greek Art: The Many Fascinating Characteristics of Statuary

The primitive Greeks manufactured the 1st freestanding statuary, an amazing achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Most of the freestanding statues were of youthful, winsome male or female (kore) Greeks and are known as kouros figures. The kouroi were seen by the Greeks to embody beauty and were sculpted with one foot leading and an uncompromising firmness to their forward-facing poses; the male statues were always strapping, brawny, and undressing. Around 650 BC, life-size variations of the kouroi began to be observed. During the Archaic period, a big time of change, the Greeks were developing new sorts of government, expressions of art, and a better comprehension of people and cultures outside Greece. But in spite of the conflicts, the Greek civilization went on to advance, unabated.

The Earliest Recorded Garden Water Fountains of Human History
As initially conceived, fountains were crafted to be practical, guiding water from streams or reservoirs to the residents of towns and villages, where the water could be used for cooking, cleaning, and drinking. To produce water flow through a fountain until the late 1800’s, and produce a jet of water, mandated the force of gravity and a water source such as a creek or reservoir, positioned higher than the fountain. ... read more

The Root of Contemporary Wall Fountains
Pope Nicholas V, himself a learned man, governed the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455 during which time he commissioned many translations of ancient classic Greek texts into Latin. It was important for him to embellish the city of Rome to make it worthy of being called the capital of the Christian world. At the behest of the Pope, the Aqua Vergine, a ... read more

The Best Choice for You: Garden Wall Fountains
Outdoor wall fountains come in many different materials, but they are usually made of stone and metal. Knowing the style you want indicates the right material to use. It is important to buy hand-crafted, lightweight garden wall features which are also easy to put up. The water feature you purchase must be simple to maintain as well. While there may be some cases in which the setup needs a bit more care, generally the majority... read more

The Original Public Fountains of the Historical Past
Villages and communities relied on working water fountains to funnel water for cooking, washing, and cleaning up from nearby sources like ponds, streams, or creeks. A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was required to pressurize the movement and send water spraying from the fountain's nozzle, a... read more