Public Drinking Fountains Around Berkley, Ca

Berkley, CA citizens voted for a sugar-sweetened beverages tax in February 2014, the first of its kind in the United States. The aim is to have people drinking more water and other natural drinks by elevating the price of soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks. Efforts were made to find out the state of local drinking water fountains in both high- and low-income neighborhoods. The study utilized a GPS app to collect data on existing water fountains in the city. 8342-10003__14103.jpg Demographic data on race and income was then assembled using the US Census database. Evaluations were made between the location and demographic data, uncovering whether class differences affected access to clean, working water fountains. Each water fountain and the demographics of its neighboring area were studied to reveal whether the location of the fountains or their level of maintenance showed any link to income, race, or other factors. The fact that the fountains were operating was not a guarantee that they were well-maintained, as quite a few were in need of maintenance and repair.

The Dissimilation of Water Fountain Design Technology

Throughout Europe, the principal means of spreading useful hydraulic information and fountain design suggestions were the circulated papers and illustrated publications of the day, which added to the development of scientific innovation. In the late 1500's, a French water fountain designer (whose name has been lost) was the internationally distinguished hydraulics pioneer. By developing gardens and grottoes with built-in and ingenious water features, he began his occupation in Italy by earning Royal mandates in Brussels, London and Germany. The publication, “The Principles of Moving Forces,” authored near the end of his lifetime in France, turned out to be the fundamental text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. The book updated key hydraulic discoveries since classical antiquity as well as explaining contemporary hydraulic technologies. The water screw, a mechanical means to move water, and invented by Archimedes, was highlighted in the book. Sunlight heating liquid in a pair of vessels unseen in a room adjacent to an ornamental fountain was displayed in one illustration.

Actuating the fountain is heated water which expands and ascends to seal up the conduits. The book additionally includes garden ponds, water wheels, water feature creations.

A Simple Solution: Outdoor Wall Fountains

Since garden water fountains are no longer hooked on a nearby pond, it is possible to install them close to a wall. Moreover, it is no longer necessary to dig, deal with a complicated installation process or tidy up the pond. Plumbing work is no longer needed since this feature in now self-sufficient. Do not forget, however, to put in water at regular intervals. Empty the water from the basin and put in clean water whenever the surrounding area is dirty.

Stone and metal are most common elements employed to make garden wall fountains even though they can be made of other materials as well. The most appropriate material for your fountain depends completely on the design you choose. Outdoor wall fountains come in many forms and sizes, therefore ensure that the style you choose to buy is hand-crafted, simple to hang and lightweight. Moreover, be certain to buy a fountain which requires little maintenance. The re-circulating pump and hanging hardware are normally the only parts which need extra care in most installations, although there may be some cases in which the installation is a bit more complicated. Little effort is needed to liven up your garden with these sorts of water features.

A Small Garden Space? Put in a Water Fountain

Since water is reflective, it has the effect of making a smaller spot appear larger than it is. Increasing the reflective aspects of a fountain or water feature are possible by using dark materials. When the sun goes down, you can use submersed lights in different colors and shapes to light up your new feature. Solar powered eco-lights are great during the day and underwater lights are perfect for nighttime use. Alleviating stress and anxiety with their calming sounds are some of the applications in nature medicine.

Water just mixes into the greenery in your yard. Turn your water feature such as a pond, artificial river, or fountain to turn the central piece of your backyard. Examples of spots where you can install a water feature include large lawns or small patios. The atmosphere can be significantly changed by placing it in the best place and using the proper accessories.

Water Fountain Designers Through History

Multi-talented individuals, fountain designers from the 16th to the late 18th century frequently worked as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one person. Exemplifying the Renaissance artist as a inspiring master, Leonardo da Vinci worked as an inventor and scientific guru. He systematically recorded his experiences in his now celebrated notebooks, following his enormous fascination in the forces of nature inspired him to investigate the characteristics and motion of water. Early Italian fountain designers altered private villa configurations into innovative water showcases full of emblematic meaning and natural beauty by combining imagination with hydraulic and horticultural experience. The magnificence in Tivoli were developed by the humanist Pirro Ligorio, who was widely known for his skill in archeology, architecture and garden design. Other fountain engineers, masterminding the incredible water marbles, water functions and water jokes for the many mansions near Florence, were well-versed in humanist topics and traditional scientific texts.

A Brief History of the Early Water Features
The water from creeks and other sources was originally delivered to the inhabitants of nearby communities and municipalities through water fountains, whose purpose was mainly practical, not artistic. In the years before electrical power, the spray of fountains was powered by gravity only, usually using an aqueduct or water... read more

The Godfather Of Rome's Garden Fountains
There are any number of famous Roman water fountains in its city center. One of the most distinguished sculptors and artists of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini fashioned, created and built almost all of them. Also a city architect, he had abilities as a water feature designer, and traces of his... read more

A Concise History of the First Public Water Features
Water fountains were initially practical in function, used to deliver water from rivers or creeks to cities and hamlets, providing the residents with fresh water to drink, bathe, and prepare food with. Gravity was the power source of water fountains up until the conclusion of the 19th century, using the forceful... read more

How to Install and Maintain A Garden Wall Feature
Change the water frequently so it is always clean. Rubbish such as twigs, leaves or dirt should be cleaned up quickly. Make sure that your outdoor wall fountain is shielded from bitterly cold winter temperatures. If kept outdoors, your pump could break as a result of frigid water, so... read more

The Alternative Choice: A Garden Wall Fountain
Stone and metal are most prevalent elements used to make garden wall fountains even though they can be made of other materials as well. You must know the style you are shooting for in order to pick the best material. It is important to purchase hand-crafted, light garden wall features which are also simple to put up. The fountain you choose needs to be easy to maintain as well. ... read more