Rome, Bernini, And Public Fountains

8826_3503__85366.jpg There are lots of celebrated Roman fountains in its city center. One of the greatest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini fashioned, conceptualized and constructed almost all of them. Also a city architect, he had capabilities as a fountain developer, and traces of his life's work are noticeable throughout the streets of Rome. Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they ultimately moved to Rome, in order to fully express their art, primarily in the form of public water fountains and water features. An exceptional employee, Bernin received encouragement and the the backing of popes and important artists. He was originally renowned for his sculpture. An authority in ancient Greek engineering, he utilized this knowledge as a starting point and melded it gracefully with Roman marble, most famously in the Vatican. Though he was influenced by many, Michelangelo had the most profound impact on him, both personally and professionally.

Early Water Delivery Solutions in Rome

With the manufacturing of the very first elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, individuals who lived on the city’s foothills no longer had to rely strictly on naturally-occurring spring water for their demands. If inhabitants residing at higher elevations did not have access to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to rely on the other existing techniques of the day, cisterns that collected rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that received the water from below ground. In the very early sixteenth century, the city began to use the water that flowed below the ground through Acqua Vergine to supply drinking water to Pincian Hill. The aqueduct’s channel was made available by pozzi, or manholes, that were situated along its length when it was initially engineered. While these manholes were manufactured to make it less difficult to manage the aqueduct, it was also possible to use containers to extract water from the channel, which was exercised by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he purchased the property in 1543 to his passing in 1552. He didn’t get sufficient water from the cistern that he had established on his residential property to collect rainwater.

That is when he decided to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran directly below his property.

At What Point Did Water Features Emerge?

The translation of hundreds of classic Greek texts into Latin was commissioned by the scholarly Pope Nicholas V who led the Church in Rome from 1397 till 1455. In order to make Rome deserving of being the capital of the Christian world, the Pope resolved to embellish the beauty of the city. In 1453 the Pope instigated the repairing of the Aqua Vergine, an ancient Roman aqueduct which had carried fresh drinking water into the city from eight miles away. Building a mostra, an imposing celebratory fountain built by ancient Romans to memorialize the arrival point of an aqueduct, was a tradition revived by Nicholas V. The architect Leon Battista Alberti was commissioned by the Pope to put up a wall fountain where we now see the Trevi Fountain. The Trevi Fountain as well as the well-known baroque fountains found in the Piazza del Popolo and the Piazza Navona were eventually supplied with water from the modified aqueduct he had rebuilt.

The Alternative Choice: A Garden Wall Fountain

Having a pond in the vicinity of your outdoor water fountain is no longer required because they can now be situated on a wall close by. Due to the various options available, it no longer necessary to deal with excavations, difficult installations or cleaning the pond. Due to its self-contained nature, this feature no longer requires plumbing work. Remember, however, to put in water at regular intervals. Empty the water from the bowl and place clean water in its place when you see that the area is unclean.

Any number of materials can be used to make garden wall fountains, but stone and metal are the most frequently used. The most appropriate material for your fountain depends completely on the style you prefer. Outdoor wall fountains come in many models and sizes, therefore ensure that the style you choose to buy is hand-crafted, simple to hang and lightweight. Moreover, be certain to buy a fountain which requires little upkeep. The re-circulating pump and hanging hardware are usually the only parts which need additional care in most installations, although there may be some cases in which the installation is a bit more complex. It is very simple to liven up your garden with these styles of fountains.

The Inception of Water Fountains

The incredible architecture of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to complete your home.

Originally, fountains only served a practical purpose. Cities, towns and villages made use of nearby aqueducts or springs to provide them with potable water as well as water where they could bathe or wash. Until the late 19th, century most water fountains functioned using the force of gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a supply of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Serving as an element of adornment and celebration, fountains also generated clean, fresh drinking water. Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often used by Romans to decorate their fountains. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden designers included fountains in their designs to mimic the gardens of paradise. Fountains enjoyed a significant role in the Gardens of Versailles, all part of French King Louis XIV’s desire to exercise his power over nature. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries manufactured baroque decorative fountains to glorify the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the location where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

Since indoor plumbing became the norm of the day for fresh, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely decorative. The introduction of unique water effects and the recycling of water were 2 things made possible by swapping gravity with mechanical pumps.

These days, fountains adorn public spaces and are used to pay tribute to individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs.

At What Point Did Water Fountains Originate?
Pope Nicholas V, himself a well educated man, governed the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455 during which time he commissioned many translations of ancient classical Greek documents into Latin. In order to make Rome worthy of being the capital of the Christian world, the Pope decided to enhance the beauty of the city. In 1453 the Pope commissioned the reconstruction of the Aqua... read more

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