The Earliest Recorded Outdoor Public Fountains of the Historical Past

Water fountains were at first practical in purpose, used to convey water from canals or creeks to cities and villages, supplying the residents with clean water to drink, wash, and cook with. A supply of water higher in elevation than the fountain was necessary to pressurize the flow and send water squirting from the fountain's spout, a technology without equal until the later half of the nineteenth century. Typically used as monuments and commemorative edifices, water fountains have inspired people from all over the world all through the ages. When you enjoy a fountain today, that is definitely not what the very first water fountains looked like. A natural stone basin, carved from rock, was the 1st fountain, used for containing water for drinking and religious purposes. fcl101__42409.jpg 2000 B.C. is when the earliest known stone fountain basins were originally used. The very first civilizations that utilized fountains relied on gravity to push water through spigots. Positioned near reservoirs or creeks, the practical public water fountains supplied the local populace with fresh drinking water. The people of Rome began building ornate fountains in 6 BC, most of which were metallic or stone masks of creatures and mythological representations. Water for the community fountains of Rome arrived to the city via a elaborate system of water aqueducts.

How Garden Fountains Create Ions

Incorporate a certain je-ne-sais-quoi to your yard simply by installing a garden fountain. It is evident that the presence of water in our day-to-day lives is crucial to our survival. The gods and goddesses were said to influence the presence of water, an element thought to be holy. The calm and serenity brought about by flowing water symbolizes the continuity of life and has many beneficial effects on our bodies.

Toxins emitted by devices such as air conditioners and chimneys produce positive ions whereas cascading water produces positive ions - thus canceling each other out. These negative ions present in the blood flow boost serotonin production. A invigorated and happy you will be the end result!

Characteristics of Statuary in Archaic Greek Art

The Archaic Greeks built the first freestanding statuary, an impressive achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. For the most part the statues, or kouros figures, were of adolescent and desirable male or female (kore) Greeks. The kouroi were seen by the Greeks to typify beauty and were sculpted with one foot leading and an uncompromising rigidity to their forward-facing poses; the male statues were always strapping, brawny, and unclothed. Around 650 BC, life-size forms of the kouroi began to be seen. The Archaic period was an awesome point of transformation for the Greeks as they expanded into new forms of government, formed unique expressions of art, and attained insights of the men and women and cultures outside of Greece. But in spite of the disputes, the Greek civilization continued to advance, unabated.

The Dissimilation of Water Fountain Design Technology

Contributing to the advancement of scientific technology were the published letters and illustrated books of the time. They were also the main method of transmitting useful hydraulic ideas and water fountain design ideas throughout Europe. In the later part of the 1500's, a French water feature architect (whose name has been lost) was the globally distinguished hydraulics innovator. With Royal commissions in Brussels, London and Germany, he started his career in Italy, developing expertise in garden design and grottoes with integrated and imaginative water hydraulics. The text, “The Principles of Moving Forces,” written towards the end of his lifetime in France, turned into the definitive text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. Modernizing key hydraulic findings of classical antiquity, the publication also explains modern hydraulic technologies. The water screw, a technical way to move water, and devised by Archimedes, was showcased in the book. Sunlight heating liquid in a couple of containers hidden in a room adjacent to an decorative water fountain was shown in one illustration. Activating the fountain is heated water that expands and ascends to close up the pipes. Yard ponds as well as pumps, water wheels, and water feature concepts are incorporated in the publication.

Public Drinking Fountains in Berkley, Ca

In February 2014, a charge on sugar-sweetened beverages was passed in Berkley, CA, making it the first city in the United States to submit such a regulation. The taxation is believed to minimize sugary drink intake and increase the consumption of healthier beverages, such as water from fountains. Research was performed to find out the reputation of local drinking water fountains and whether people from different racial or financial backgrounds had reduced availability to them. Facts on the city’s drinking water fountains were pulled together using a GPS created exclusively for the research. The US Census Community Study database was utilized to collect information relating to race and economic status in these areas. The professionals looked to use both data sets to figure out if demographics were associated to drinking water fountain access. The evaluation was able to determine the demographics of areas with water fountains, also observing whether the state of the fountains was greater or inferior in lower class neighborhoods. The fact that the fountains were functioning was not a guarantee that they were well-maintained, given that quite a few were in need of cleaning and repair.

A Concise History of Early Outdoor Garden Fountains
Water fountains were originally practical in function, used to deliver water from canals or creeks to cities and villages, providing the residents with clean water to drink, bathe, and prepare food with. A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was necessary to pressurize the movement and send water squirting from the fountain's nozzle, a technology without equal... read more

Water Fountains and Their Origins
The translation of hundreds of classical Greek texts into Latin was commissioned by the scholarly Pope Nicholas V who ruled the Church in Rome from 1397 till 1455. It was imperative for him to embellish the city of Rome to make it worthy of being known as the capital of the Christian world. At the bidding of the Pope, the Aqua Vergine, a damaged aqueduct which had transported clean drinking water into Rome from eight... read more

The First Documented Water Features of History
As initially developed, water fountains were designed to be functional, guiding water from streams or aqueducts to the inhabitants of towns and settlements, where the water could be utilized for cooking food, cleaning, and drinking. In the days before electricity, the spray of fountains was driven by gravity exclusively, commonly using an aqueduct or water supply located far away in the nearby... read more

Small Garden Spaces: Great Places to Install a Water Fountain
The greenery in your backyard is the perfect place to situate your water feature. People will be centered on the pond, artificial river or fountain in your garden. The flexibility of water features is that they can be installed in large backyards as well as in small verandas. The best way to improve the atmosphere, position it in... read more