The Original Garden Water Features of the Historical Past

Water fountains were at first practical in function, used to deliver water from canals or springs to towns and villages, providing the inhabitants with clean water to drink, bathe, and cook with. A supply of water higher in elevation than the fountain was needed to pressurize the flow and send water spraying from the fountain's spout, a technology without equal until the late nineteenth century. c_077__27676.jpg Inspiring and impressive, large water fountains have been designed as memorials in most civilizations. The common fountains of today bear little resemblance to the very first water fountains. Crafted for drinking water and ceremonial purposes, the very first fountains were very simple carved stone basins. The first stone basins are suspected to be from about 2000 BC. Gravity was the power source that operated the oldest water fountains. The location of the fountains was driven by the water source, which is why you’ll usually find them along reservoirs, canals, or rivers. Fountains with embellished Gods, mythological beasts, and creatures began to appear in Rome in about 6 BC, built from natural stone and bronze. A well-designed collection of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public water fountains supplied with fresh water.

The Fascinating Genesis Of Water Fountains

A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to provide drinkable water, as well as for decorative purposes.

Originally, fountains only served a functional purpose. Water fountains were connected to a spring or aqueduct to provide drinkable water as well as bathing water for cities, townships and villages. Up until the nineteenth, fountains had to be higher and closer to a water supply, including aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to benefit from gravity which fed the fountains. Fountains were an excellent source of water, and also served to adorn living areas and memorialize the designer. Bronze or stone masks of wildlife and heroes were commonly seen on Roman fountains. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden designers included fountains in their designs to re-create the gardens of paradise.

To demonstrate his dominance over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were glorified with baroque style fountains constructed to mark the arrival points of Roman aqueducts.

Indoor plumbing became the key source of water by the end of the 19th century thereby restricting urban fountains to mere decorative elements. Gravity was replaced by mechanical pumps in order to permit fountains to bring in clean water and allow for amazing water displays.

These days, fountains decorate public areas and are used to honor individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs.

The Preservation of Your Garden Fountain

It is vital to carefully maintain water fountains for them to work optimally. It is important to clean it out and take out any debris or foreign elements that might have fallen into or onto it. Additionally, anywhere light from the sun comes in contact with still water, algae can form. Blend hydrogen peroxide, sea salt, or vinegar into the water to avoid this particular problem. There are those who prefer to use bleach, but that is hazardous to any animals that might drink or bathe in the water - so should therefore be avoided.

No more than three-four months should go by without an extensive cleaning of a fountain. The initial step is to empty out all of the water. When it is empty, scrub inside the reservoir with a mild cleanser. If there is delicate artwork, you might need to use a toothbrush for those hard-to-reach areas. Do not leave any soap deposits inside of or on the fountain.

It is highly suggested taking the pump apart to better clean the inside and remove any plankton or calcium. You might want to let it soak in vinegar for a few hours to make it quicker to wash. Mineral or rain water, versus tap water, is ideal in order to avoid any build-up of chemicals inside the pump.

Finally, be sure to have a quick look at your fountain daily and add water if you see that the level is low. If the water level drops below the pump’s intake level, it can hurt the pump and cause it to burn out - something you do not want to happen!

Ancient Garden Fountain Designers

Often serving as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, fountain designers were multi-faceted people, Exemplifying the Renaissance artist as a creative master, Leonardo da Vinci toiled as an inventor and scientific expert. The forces of nature led him to investigate the properties and movement of water, and due to his curiosity, he systematically documented his findings in his now renowned notebooks. Early Italian water fountain engineers changed private villa settings into amazing water showcases complete with symbolic meaning and natural beauty by coupling imagination with hydraulic and gardening expertise. Known for his incredible skill in archeology, architecture and garden creations, Pirro Ligorio, the humanist, provided the vision behind the magnificence in Tivoli. Well versed in humanistic themes and ancient technical readings, some other water fountain designers were masterminding the fascinating water marbles, water features and water jokes for the various lands around Florence.

Garden Features: The Numerous Materials to Choose From

Although they come in various materials, modern garden fountains tend to be made of metal. Those made from metals have clean lines and unique sculptural elements, and are versatile enough to fit any budget and decor. If you have a contemporary look and feel to your interior design, your yard and garden should mirror that same look.

Presently, copper is very common for sculptural garden fountains. Copper is used in cascade and tabletop water fountains as well as various other styles, making it perfect for inside and outside fountains. Another benefit of copper fountains is they are versatile and come in a wide variety of styles.

If you are drawn to more classic-looking water fountains, brass is probably what you want. Even though they are a bit old-fashioned, brass fountains are quite widespread because they often incorporate interesting artwork.

Perhaps the most modern of all metals is stainless steel. Adding a modern-looking steel design will immediately add value to your garden and elevate the overall mood. Like all water fountains, you can get them in just about any size you prefer.

Fiberglass fountains are widespread because they look similar to metal but are more affordable and much easier to move around. It is not complicated to clean and maintain a fiberglass water fountain, yet another reason they are trendy.

Garden Wall Fountains: A Great Choice
Garden wall fountains come in many different materials, but they are normally made of stone and metal. The style you are looking for dictates which material is best suited to meet your needs. It is important to purchase hand-crafted, lightweight garden wall features which are also easy to hang.... read more

A Brief History of the First Outdoor Public Fountains
Towns and villages depended on working water fountains to channel water for preparing food, bathing, and cleaning up from nearby sources like lakes, streams, or springs. A supply of water higher in elevation than the fountain was needed to pressurize the movement and send water spraying from the fountain's spout, a technology without equal until the late 19th century. ... read more

A Brief History of Early Outdoor Water Fountains
The water from rivers and other sources was initially supplied to the citizens of nearby towns and municipalities by way of water fountains, whose purpose was largely practical, not artistic. A supply of water higher in elevation than the fountain was needed to pressurize the flow and send water squirting from the fountain's spout, a... read more